References and Credits

Fair Use Statement: Kendrick Lamar's "Alright" is used in conversation track one, "Embodiment." The Coup's "Strange Arithmetic" is used in conversation track two, "Did We Move?" Ms. Lauryn Hill's "Black Rage (Sketch)" is used in conversation track three, "Avoiding Multiculturalism." Oddisee's "Belong to the World" is used in conversation track four, "The Cipher." These songs are used for the purpose of scholarship and criticism. Images used throughout this chapter are in the public domain or used under Creative Commons licenses.

Chapter's web design by Michael J. Faris. Modified from Stellar available at HTML5 UP.

Textual and Musical References

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Lorde, Audre. (1984). The uses of anger: Women responding to racism. In Sister, outsider: Essays and speeches (pp. 124–133). Berkeley, CA: Crossing Press.

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Oddisee. (2015). Belong to the world. On The good fight [CD]. Tucson, AZ: Mellow Music Group.

Oddisee. (2016). Alwasta [CD]. Tucson, AZ: Mello Music Group.

Postman, Neil. (1998, March 28). Five things we need to know about technological change. Retrieved from

Pough, Gwendolyn D. (2007). An introduction of sorts for hip-hop feminism. In Gwendolyn D. Pough, Elaine Richardson, Aisha Durham, & Rachel Raimist (Eds.), Home girls make some noise: Hip hop feminism anthology (pp. iv–ix). Mira Loma, CA: Parker.

Pough, Gwendolyn D. (2015). Check it while I wreck it: Black womanhood, hip-hop culture, and the public sphere. Lebanon, NH: Northeastern University Press.

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Thomas, J. C. (1975). Chasin' the Trane. New York, NY: Doubleday.

Visual References

Badseed. (2009, June 28). American hip-hop group Dead Prez live at Resistance Festival 2009, Athens, Greece [Photograph]. Retrieved from

Craddock, DeShaun. (2014, June 26). Rapsody [Photograph]. Flickr. Retrieved from

Danziger, Sarrah. (2016, May 8). Alynda Segarra of Hurray For The Riff Raff [Photograph]. Retrieved from

Drips and spray paint pack - 30 free vectors [Vector images]. (2018). Media Militia. Retrieved from

Elbaz, Jon. (2012, June 2). Kendrick Lamar, Bonnaroo, 2012 [Photograph]. Flickr. Retrieved from

Gallard, David. (2014, August 22). Lauren Hill @ Festival Couvre Feu [Photograph]. Flickr. Retrieved from

Harris, Kristopher. (2016, May 3). DSC03533 [Photograph]. Flickr. Retrieved from

Hoek, Merlijn. (2013, February 7). Kendrick Lamar // Melkweg Amsterdam [Photograph]. Flickr. Retrieved from

Hoke, Shawn. (2014, September 8). Damien Mitchell's Nina Simone, Bushwick, Brooklyn [Photograph]. Flickr. Retrieved from

King, Phil. (2010, December 7). Janelle Monae [Photograph]. Flickr. Retrieved from

Li, Chun. (2005, October 6). Lauryn Hill [Photograph]. Flickr. Retrieved from

Maiden, Emory. (2011, August 1). Fear of a black planet cassette [Photograph]. Flickr. Retrieved from

Orlosky, Mick [Redfishingboat]. (2010, April 16). Boots Riley of Street Sweeper Social Club @ Coachella 2010 [Photograph]. Flickr. Retrieved from

[Photograph of vinyl records]. (2017, March 3). Pxhere. Retrieved from

Proimos, Alex. (2013, December 1). Oddisee [Photograph]. Flickr. Retrieved from

tcb613. (2012, April 25). Zephyr, Smith and Pink 1994 [Photograph]. Flickr. Retrieved from