List of Tables, Figures, & References

List of Tables

List of Figures


Anderson, Neil, Lankshear, Collin, Timms, Carolyn, & Courtney, Lyn. (2008). “Because its boring, irrelevant and I don’t like computers”: Why high school girls avoid professionally-oriented ICT subjects. Computers & Education 50.4:1304-1318.

CODE: Home. (2013a). Retrieved from (2013b) What most schools don’t teach. YouTube. Retrieved from

Codecademy: Home. (2012). Retrieved from

Codecademy: Code year. (2012 Jan. 1). Retrieved from

Code year[Screen capture of]. (2012). Codecademy [Author] Retrieved Nov. 20, 2012 from

Computer [Modified PNG icon]. (2008). Sugar Labs [Producer] Retrieved Nov. 20, 2012 from

Computer-XO [PNG icon]. (2008) Sugar Labs [Producer] Retrieved Nov. 20, 2012 from

doThings.gif [Animated GIF]. (1990) [Producer] Retrieved Nov. 20, 2012 from

Google. (2012 Jul. 4). Exploring Computational Thinking. Retreived from

Gold, Matthew K. (Ed.). (2012). Debates in the Digital Humanities. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Google's computational thinking [Screen capture from original website]. (2010) Google [Author] Retrieved Nov. 20, 2012, from

Kay, Alan & Adele Goldberg. (1977). Personal dynamic media. IEEE Computer, 10, 31-41.

Kay, Alan. (1984). Computer software. Scientific American, 251, 53-59.

Kay, Alan. (2001). User interface: A personal view. In R. Packer and K. Jordan (Eds.), Multimedia: From Wagner to Virtual Reality. New York: Norton, 121-131.

Lohr, Steve. (27 May 2008). Why Walter Bender left One Laptop Per Child. New York Times. Retrieved from

Maney, Kevin. (29 May 2014). Computer programming is a dying art. Newsweek. Retrieved from

McPherson, Tara. (2012). Why are the Digital Humanities so white? Or, thinking the histories of race and computation.” In Matthew K. Gold (Ed.), Debates in the Digital Humanities (pp. 139-160). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

n.a. (2012). Sugar Labs educational nonprofit celebrates digital learning day with two Google code-in grand prize winners. Sugar Labs. Retrieved from

National Science Foundation. (2012). Computing education for the 21st century. Retrieved from

Negroponte, Nicholas. (2006), Nicholas Negroponte on One Laptop Per Child. TED Talk. Retrieved from

Negroponte, Nicholas. (December 2008). Nicholas Negroponte on One Laptop Per Child, two years on.” TED Talk. Retrieved from

Nicks, Denver. (19 Jun. 2014). The ambitious plan to teach 100,000 poor kids to code. Time. Retrieved from

NPR Staff. (25 Jan. 2014). Computers are the future, but does everyone need to code? All tech considered. Retrieved from

Papert, Seymour. (1980). Mindstorms: Children, computers, and powerful ideas. New York: Basic Books.

Papert, Seymour. (1987). Computer criticism vs. technocentric thinking. Educational Researcher, 16, 22-30.

Rushkoff, Douglas. (2010). Program or be programmed: Ten commands for a digital age. Berkeley: Soft Skull Press.

Rushkoff, Douglas. (2012, Jan. 12). Learn to code, get a job. Retrieved from

Salter, Anastasia. (2012, January 10). New Year’s resolutions: Learning to program. Chronicle of Higher Education: Prof Hacker. Retrieved from

Sample, Mark. (2012, May 19). 5 BASIC statements on computational literacy. Sample Reality. Retrieved from

Sample, Mark, & Annette Vee. (2012). Introduction to “The Role of Computational Literacy in Computers and Writing.” Enculturation.

SITES. (2012). Program or be programmed: Do we need computational literacy in C&W? Retrieved from

Stolley, Karl. (2012). Source literacy: A vision of craft. Enculturation: A Journal of Rhetoric, Writing, and Culture. Retrieved from

Sugar Labs @ NDSU. (2011). A smart computing culture in Fargo. Retrieved from

Sugar Labs @ NDSU. (2012). Google RISE proposal. Retrieved from

Trimbur, John. (1991). Literacy and the discourse of crisis. In R. Bullock and J. Trimbur (Eds.), The Politics of Writing Instruction: Postsecondary (277-295). Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

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Vee, Annette. (2012). Coding values. Townhall II Speaker. Enculturation: A Journal of Rhetoric, Writing, and Culture. Retrieved from

Vee, Annette. (2014). Computer programming as a literacy. Composition and Literacy Studies, 1, 42-64.

Volman, Monique, van Eck, Edith, Heemskerk, Irma, & Kuiper, Els. (2005). New technologies, new differences. Gender and ethnic differences in pupils' use of ICT in primary and secondary education. Computers & Education 45.1: 35-55.