sustainable learning spaces

Designing Our Future: Sustaining Space and Encountering eWaste

Kristi Apostel, Smarthinking
Shawn Apostel, Bellarmine University

Mobile Devices in Education
Tablets Usage Increases
Recycling Programs


Apple Recycling Program. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Apostel, Shawn, & Apostel, Kristi. (2007). Old world successes and new world challenges: Reducing the computer waste stream in the United States. Technological Ecologies & Sustainability. Logan, UT: Computers and Composition Digital Press/Utah State University Press. Retrieved from

Ash, Katie. (2012). App creation inspires student entrepreneurs. Education Week: Digital Directions. Retrieved from

Blackberry Recycling Program. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Common Core Technology Project. (2013). Retrieved from  

Common Sense Media. (2013). Zero to eight: Children’s media use in America 2013. Retrieved from

C & I Electronics. (2013). Commercial and industrial electronics recycling for a better tomorrow. C & I Electronics. Retrieved from

Directive 2002/96EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). (2003). Official Journal of the European Union. Retrieved from

Ebook timeline. (2002). theguardian. Retrieved from

eCycle Best. (n.d.). Trade in your tablet with eCycle Best. Retrieved from

Elliot, B., & Leif, D. (2014, March 7). Closed Cincinnati firm leaves behind major CRT stockpile. E-Scrap News. Resource Recycling. Retrieved from

E-Waste Systems, Inc. (2013, December 9). E-Waste Systems announces closing of transaction with 2TRG [Press release]. Retrieved from

EWSI. (n.d.-a) Products we recycle. E-waste Systems, Inc. Retrieved from

EWSI. (n.d-b.) About us. E-waste Systems, Inc. Retrieved from

Indiana Department of Environmental Management, Office of Pollution Prevention & Technical Assistance. (2013, August). 2013 Indiana e-Waste law (IC 13-20.5) implementation report. Retrieved from

Kentucky Legislative Research Commission. (2008). Kentucky Legislature, Kentucky Legislative Research Commission, Frankfort, KY History: Created 2008 Ky. Acts ch.b14, sec.b1, effective July 15, 2008. Retrieved from

New Media Consortium. (2013). NMC horizon report: 2013 K-12 edition. ISBN 978-0-9889140-1-8. Retrieved from

Pearson. (2013a). Student mobile device survey 2013: National report, grades 4-12. Retrieved from

Pearson. (2013b). Student mobile device survey 2013: National report on college students. Retrieved from

Pinette, Brandon. (2013). LAUSD to continue iPad program. NEO Weekly. Retrieved from

Recycling direct. (n.d.). Samsung. Retrieved from

Riddell, Roger. (2013). 17 ways iPads will be used in schools in 2013. Education Dive. Retrieved from


Figure 1: Shawn Apostel

Figure 2: Technology Support Center, Bellarmine University

Figure 3: Technology Support Center, Bellarmine University

Figure 4: Technology Support Center, Bellarmine University

Figure 5: Shawn Apostel

Figure 6: Shawn Apostel

Figure 7: Christina Gutowski

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